Research on impact of ICDP in school

An article is available about the impact of ICDP on school achievement. It was published in the Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, Volume 65, 2021 – Issue 3. The article is called A First Examination of the Role of the International Child Development Programme in School Achievement. The authors are: Lilian Berggren, Lene Lindberg, Terese Glatz and Therese Skoog.

Download this article as pdf file.


The aim of this study was to explore whether the classroom implementation of the International Child Development Programme (ICDP) for secondary school students (grade 9) was linked to better school achievement. The goal of the ICDP is to increase school achievement by promoting positive teacher-student relationships. The study, performed in Sweden, applied a pre–post design (four years) with matched intervention and control schools (N = 148). The post-intervention assessments showed that there were significant differences in school achievement in Grade 9 between the intervention school and the control school. Specifically, a greater proportion of students at the intervention school demonstrated improvement in school subjects and achieved the competency requirements to enter an upper secondary school programme. Based on the results, the ICDP can be considered an important intervention to promote student learning by promoting positive teacher-student relationships.

Link to the full article online: A First Examination of the Role of the International Child Development Programme in School Achievement (


Work with the ICDP programme in Botswana

ICDP is being implemented by our partner organization, Ark and Mark. Update from their report:

Since parenting is still crucial in Botswana, Ark and Mark Trust has benefited from financing received from the Department of Social Protection (DSP) to reach additional communities in the nation. ICDP made significant strides in promoting child development in various villages in Botswana. The programme was implemented in Thamaga, Molepolole, Ramotswa, Gabane, and for the first time, Lobatse. Lobatse notably became the first town to self-sponsor its participation in the ICDP.

The Social Welfare & Community Development (S&CD) office of Lobatse Town Council identified the need for a follow-up intervention programme to address the issue of negligent or absent parents affecting street children in Lobatse. They requested theICDP programme for this purpose. Consequently, the town council sponsored the training of 42 facilitators to implement the ICDP in their community. Inspired by the success of the ICDP in other villages, Lobatse Town Council took this proactive step in June 2023. By leveraging the trained facilitators, the council aimed to drive local development and improve community well-being.

Read the full report here.


ECEC Nepal

“I am excited to share with you an update up to mid June 2024! As part of the project, we are in the process of conducting training of six gorups of facilitators, four inside the valley and two outside the valley. All these groups participated in second workshop, so they are now conducting the eight ICDP meetings with caregivers. In addition, we are training three other groups of facilitators through private funding, and we plan to form three more groups of facilitators during the year. A great achievement this year is that we succeeded in organizing the ICDP Nepal Facilitators Network Meeting outside the valley for the first time! There were 88 participants. We also plan to hold a netowrk meeting inside the valley, this year too. Furthermore, we have developed in our yearly plan, a refresher programme for the ICDP trainers. We have already revised the Nepali version of the ICDP handbook for the facilitators and we started revising the caregivers’ booklets.” – Anupama Mukhiawrites.

From the report by Anupama Mukhiawrites, from ICDP Nepal/ECEC:

A major objective of ICDP Nepal is to increase psychosocial well-being of children in the country through improved parent-child communication. To achieve this objective, ECEC collaborates with educational institutions, local government and civil societies. Since the project’s inception in year 2015, a total of 967 facilitators were formed, who belong to more than 50 different organizations working for children. There is a total of 38 trainers in the country, including ICDP trainers under Save the Children. Through their work ICDP Nepal was able to reach many parents in remote areas of the country, empowering them as parents and enhancing their participation in civil society.


ICDP Caregiver Sunita Buda, Bhume 5, Serawang, Rukum East: “I am 22 years old, and I have been married for 4 years. I have five members in my family. My daughter is now 3 years old. Prior to ICDP caregivers’ meetings, I mistreated my daughter. I used to prioritize daily chores and force my daughter to study by shouting, spanking, and threatening her. I did not validate her emotions. However, after participating in the caregivers’ meeting, I have become aware of my negative behavior towards my daughter. Now I look at her from a positive perspective.

Read the full report about acitivities in 2023.


ICDP annual report 2023

Click here to read the ICDP report about its activities around the world.


National scale project in the Philippines

From the report by ICDP trainers, Gread Zeny and Mary Jade Paitan:

The year 2023 has been a great year, when we started the national scale up of the ICDP parenting programme, which is the flagship intervention of the Child Sensitive Social Protection (CSSP) project for the Pantawid Programme (4Ps) households of Region VIII.  The roadmap for the national scale up was formulated during the operational planning and field visit conducted at the end of January, 2023. The national programme management Office (NPMO) team visited the CSSP project area where they attended a parenting session conducted by 4Ps parent leaders who were trained as ICDP facilitators. Decisions were made regarding the ICDP national scale up modalities, budget, training schedules per cluster of regions, and specific 4Ps staff to be invited.

First batch of the Facilitator level Training was conducted in Davao City from 1-4 of August, 2023. The workshop was attended by 26 (female – 19, male – 7). The group was comprised of 4Ps staff from Regions IX, X, XI, XII, CARAGA and BARMM, including focal persons from Family Development Session (FDS), Training Specialists, Gender and Development and Institutional Partnership Division in their respective regions. The second part of their training was conducted 5 – 8 of September. Participants were happy about the content of the training as they saw it as effective and relevant for the 4Ps households – and they saw it having a positive impact on the parents and their families. The second batch of the training took place 7 – 10 of November (first part) and 18 – 21 of December.

While the national scale up schedules and schemes were being set, ICDP capacity strengthening of 4Ps staff in Region VIII (this region being the social laboratory for the ICDP) was also intensified. A total of 226 Municipal Roving Bookkeepers (MRBs) and Social Welfare Assistants (SWAs) (female – 179; male – 47) of the 4Ps were trained as facilitators in May, in addition to the 636 existing staff members. The objective is to implement the parenting programme in their respective municipality in line with the 7-year Transformative Learning Path of the Kilos Unlad Framework. Six Social Worker Officers from Region VIII who were trained earlier were certified as ICDP Facilitators at the end of the facilitator level training. On the other hand, 64 (female – 55, male – 9) parent leaders, community volunteers and NACPHIL members were also trained as ICDP parenting facilitators in Ormoc City Leyte. Currently, they are facilitating under Save the Children Philippines (SCP) covered areas in Region VIII. A total of 1,331 (female – 1,152; male – 179) participated in the on-going parenting programme.

A new partnership was forged between SCP, Ormoc City Parents Teachers Associations (PTA) and the Department of Education – Ormoc division. 20 PTA officers, school guidance counselors and teachers were trained as ICDP facilitators funded by the Local School Board of Ormoc City in May. The request for the parenting training was to address alarming issues on teenage pregnancy and mental health among children and youth students of Ormoc City.


In Samar, the expansion of the CSSP project was started through a research study on nutrition and health of 0-5 years old children. A total of 200 mothers of 0-5 years-old children who are 4Ps members were selected to participate in the study. The project aims to enhance mothers’ ability to feed and care for infant and young children, especially during the first 1000 days, through the ICDP parenting programme and a nutrition session. It is hoped that the research study will show positive health and nutrition outcomes on children. Baseline data collection was already completed and the endline data collection has been on-going since 200 mothers graduated from the ICDP programme in April 2023. As part of the project implementation strategy, the 200 mothers were formed into FSGs (Family Support Groups) as a sustainability structure/mechanism. A total of 8 such groups were formed.


ICDP project in South Korea

Valentina Ten, ICDP trainer from Tashkent, has shared her news from South Korea:

“I have good news to share.  After moving to Korea from Uzbekistan, in 2023, I have been looking for an opportunity to continue sharing the ICDP principles and working in the education field. Of course, being an immigrant, there were certain difficulties. But I believe a good thing always finds a way to be shared. 

In partnership with the local office (it is a kind of Social Welfare Community Centre) in the area where I live, we launched an ICDP group as part of the project for immigrants.

Since the war in Ukraine, the number of Russian-speaking migrants in Korea has been growing. In view of this, the local authorities are helping them adjust and were open to me applying the ICDP programme. We can use the centre’s premises and the local office covers all administrative expenses, including coffee breaks. 

It is a small project serving 15 people, but it is a good start, I believe.


ICDP makes good progress in Afghanistan

International Assistance Mission (IAM)

ICDP Afghanistan Annual Report, Jan-Dec 2023

In 2023, Afghanistan was ranked 170th out of 170 nations in the world for security, justice, and women’s inclusion.[1]  Food insecurity is still one of the biggest challenges in Afghanistan. Save the Children, an international NGO, reported in December 2023 that one out of every three children will suffer from hunger in 2024.

With so many obstacles to overcome in 2023, there was much opportunity for IAM employees to advance through capacity building programs. The management team attended the ICDP training.  A team of the IAM counsellors and trainers also participated in a workshop with focused on child development.

We had opportunity to conduct ICDP training for community volunteer, community leaders, parents and teachers.

  • Parents who received ICDP Trainings considered this training necessary for all families. They appreciated the knowledge of trainers and asked IAM, if possible, convey the messages to all parents in the community. In addition, they promised to share the topics with other families.
  • The teachers, who trained in ICDP topics, said these training enhance their capacity to work together and teach children without violence, this will create a secure and happy learning environment for both teachers and students. They also requested IAM to conduct more trainings for teachers as they believe the trainings helped increasing the level of flexibility among the teachers and students. They added that there are still many untrained teachers who are not behaving the students rightly. They emphasized the role of IAM in term of including untrained teachers in these trainings.
  • Community leaders who received the training sessions suggested some other topics to include them in this training, such as teaching kids how to eat healthy food. In addition, some of these participants asked the trainers to create a telegram channel and invite all the participants to the channel where they can discuss more their questions and remaining topics.
  • parents highly support their child’s emotional, social, and cognitive development which leads to self-esteem, and overall well-being.
  • While receiving the positive parenting trainings, the parents promised to prevent other parents from issues such as aggression, defiance, or disobedience towards their children.

One of the key-focuses of the mental health program is to improve the level of community support for mental health issues. Over the reporting period, we have seen positive signs of community support in child issues, family relationship and behavior with children.  Some examples are:

  • Children issues were discussed in monthly Shura meetings. This shows children is a priority for the Shura members.
  • Religious leaders spoke about mental health and the role of communities to support parents to take café  of children in a more appropriate ways.  
  • Shura members conducted public awareness for 1,240 community members and discussed about the children.
  • 8 schools allocated time for discussion on child development topics in their schools and 69 teachers who got the training spoken the  for student and their parents.

Training in 2023:

79 parents (38 men and 41 women) trained

81 Community Leaders and Mullahs (35 men and 41 women)

69 Teachers/principals (45 men and 24 women)

1,240 Families received mental health awareness.



Update from Nicaragua

INPRHU, the Institute for Human Promotion, has been applying the ICDP methodology for several years, by working in a group and individualized way, in different fields, such as in psychological care, self-help groups, families, social actors, training with teachers. The project run by INPRHU is called Casa Entre Nosotras. They have also been disseminating the content of the ICDP program through the radio, which enabled them to reach out to more people in the general population.

Update from INPRHU, April 2024:

Session with families at the Pedro Joaquín Chamorro School

A total of 78 families were attended in the Pedro Joaquín Chamorro school, who participated in the ICDP group sessions. In most families, patterns of negative behaviors that have been learned since their childhood were evidenced  and from their lived experiences they shared stories of the punishments they obtained from their parents. Sharing personal stories in warm environment allowed each participant to recognize the importance of being different with their own sons and daughters. They appreciated the importance of positive guidance that teaches children to achieve the goal of their activity step by step. The ICDP course encouraged participant families to interact positively with their children, and all expressed that they now involve their children in conversations by listening to their opinions, and making shared decisions. Participants emphasized how they observed their children gradually change as result of being listened to and how they are now maintaining a better family coexistence. The group bonded during the course and showed initiative through active participation. Attendees expressed that they learned to become more tolerant, understanding and how to give better attention to their children. They said they became aware and able to create better family spaces for their children to grow up in, and they even managed to help other parents at the school to apply ICDP guidelines in their homes.

Radio Programs

The ICDP eight guidelines of positive interactions were shared through the radio program “Our Voices for Change”. The program inspires listeners to put into practice good quality interaction and thus enhance their parenting skills. International trainer Monica Anderson, who visited the team at INPRHU in the autumn 2023, had an opportunity to participate in the radio program by sharing her experience of training foster families in ICDP, in her native Sweden.

Teacher Training at Facilitator Level

A total of 10 teacher training meetings were facilitated, distributed in two groups of 30 participants. Each group received 5 training sessions in person over approximately three hours. It was possible to achieve the objective of ICDP training and sensitizing of a total of 52 teachers, 47 women and 5 men. Everyone was invited to show their short video recordings which were made earlier and through which they evidenced what they had learned through the whole process of training, and in particular, they were aiming to illustrate how they put into practice the three ICDP dialogues: emotional, comprehension and regulative. A plan was initially agreed, with established timelines for using the ICDP interactive, participatory, and reflective methodology, to strengthen the teachers as people, first of all, and then to spread the program further by transferring it to the groups with which the teachers work. This process was completed with the delivery of certificates to the teachers of six selected schools, including Montessori, Nueva Amanecer, Pueblos Unidos, Nora Astorga, Pedro Joaquín and San Martín de la Ciudad de Ocotal.  They are now trained and qualified to replicate the ICDP program by working with their groups of students and parents. They have all received relevant ICDP material which will allow them to work with their target groups, and this was delivered to Directors of each Educational Center who participated in the training process.

New training of social actors

A new group of future facilitators was trained by Monica Anderson together with ICDP facilitators linked to INPRHU. Training was given to new members of staff, as well as social actors from outside, including community workers, preschool teachers and municipal councilors. The overall aim is to spread ICDP more widely.. The training process was completed with the delivery of certificates and accrediting 18 participants as facilitators of the ICDP methodology. They had fulfilled all their self-training and other required tasks, prior certification. Participants made a commitment to continue taking up what they have learned and continue disseminating the ICDP work to empower more families and help them overcome negative behaviors that have been learned during their difficult childhoods.


Teachers have little time to replicate what they have already learned. Most families live in peripheral neighborhoods and several times the ICDP facilitators did not have transportation to these vulnerable and dangerous places. Occasionally some of the parents who participate in the ICDP course have to spend all day working away from their homes and they leave their children with other caregivers, so when facilitators visit their homes they do not find the parents but their neighbours who are babysitting.

Plans for the year:

This year, in 2024, the teachers who participated in the training process are now replicating the learning they obtained during the training in 2023 by working with parent groups and in schools. They are receiving support and being supervised by the ICDP team at INPRHU.

On the other hand, the ICDP facilitators at INPRHU are strongly committed to replicating the ICDP program in all the different areas of their work, with family groups, with individual families, with children and adolescents, and with the local community. They aim to continue to strengthen their own skills and knowledge as professionals working with the ICDP program..


Colombia report

ICDP Colombia chairperson Carmen Lucia Andrade summarizes activities in Colombia:

Program activities/ICDP projects:

As far as our programme activities, below is a list of the projects executed during the year.

As chair, I was taking care of all the administrative requirements of our ICDP Colombia foundation, but I took a break from my roll as ICDP trainer. Nevertheless, I was able to supervise the training processes in different parts of the country; in Envigado, Antioquia, Boyacá and Santander.

Between April and June, several project proposals were sent, including to Villa de Leyva to work with community leaders, to the Santander Secretariat of Mental Health and to the University of Valle – but these applications were not accepted on the account of shortages in the budgets for 2023.

In Quindío, a project proposal was approved by the Guerrand Hermes Foundation for Peace, and it will be executed in 2024 – the ICDP program will be implemented with adolescent girls.

In Santander, we/ICDP Colombia Foundation, agreed with the Secretariat of Mental Health, for them to publish the ICDP material and to carry out the ICDP program in the province of Santander by training their psychologists and in exchange they agreed to deliver some copies of the newly published material to the foundation.

At the end of 2022, in Boyacá, ICDP trainer Luis Fernando López conducted virtual facilitator level workshops for 90 psychologists in the ICDP program “I am a person” and during the year 2023, he monitored their work. His monitoring work involved facilitators linked to the mental health secretariat in Boyacá and Santander.

In Boyacá, 23 facilitators operating in 23 municipalities implemented the program with 12 new families each, for a total of 345 families.

In the municipality of Venta Quemada, an ICDP trainer, called July Catherin, who has been working in ICDP since 2018, formed new groups of facilitators. They were selected from social services, kindergartens, as well as from health centres. After the initial training she was engaged in monitoring of the process. In addition, she supported the monitoring process in the Department of Boyacá and was involved in the evaluation of the work carried out with rural and urban communities.

She has also carried out an ICDP pilot project with teenagers, by applying the ICDP material that was especially adapted by ICDP El Salvador for working with adolescents. This pilot took place from August to November 2023.

In Antioquia, in July, the Mayor’s Office of the city of Envigado, invited us to apply to become implementors of the project called Strengthening Links for the Protection of Children and Adolescents. The purpose of this project was to promote the consolidation of family ties and the creation of positive environments for children, by using the ICDP program, aimed at parents and caregivers of children and adolescents. The project focused on using ICDP parenting guidelines to help enhance parents’ ability to express affection, love, and provide overall positive attention to children, to establish good family norms and positive discipline – and thus ultimately create protective, caring and safe environments for children to grow up in. Beneficiary population: The direct beneficiary population consisted of 30 adults, parents and/or caregivers, who received the full training cycle. An indirect impact is expected on family members. The University of Lasalle was chosen to execute the project, but as it was a methodology that they had not handled before, a specific trainingagreement was established between this institution and the ICDP foundation. The university used the ICDP materials, and the ICDP logo for certification. They hired ICDP trainer Carolina Montoy who effectively carried out this training during the period between August and October 2023.


ICDP Suomi ry / ICDP Finland

ICDP Finland is looking back at yet another active year. There have been a number of trainings around the country. We have seen 53 persons receive the ICDP Basic training and 27 new facilitators have graduated during 2023.

There have also been ICDP groups for parents and professional caregivers in a number of settings around the country: in day care, child protection, The Federation of Mother and Child Homes and Shelters (ETKL) and with newly arrived immigrants.

One of the highlights of the work by ICDP in Finland in the year 2023, was the National Child Protection conference, which took place in Turku, in October. At this conference, the ETKL and Ostrobotnia welfare area made a presentation together on the topic of ”Psychological Violence and Supportive Interaction/ICDP”. The audience was comprised of approximately 100 people, who expressed a lot of interest in ICDP.

Our biggest challenge in expanding our ICDP work is the lack of studies showing scientific evidence for ICDP in Finland. A few Master’s Theses are being published but in order to qualify for state funding, it seems increasingly more important to have peer reviweved journal publications on the effect of the program.

ICDP is currently being reviewed by the board of Itla, a national organisation with a web portal classifying programs and methods supporting parenting and children’s growth and education. ICDP will receive Itla:s evidence and implementation rating in the spring of 2024.

For 2024, ICDP Finland plans to organize an inspirational day for all trainers in the autumn. We will meet and share golden moments and new ideas from ICDP trainings, present the new training literature and discuss current issues of interest. Currently there are 26 trainers in Finland and we hope that many will be able to join the event! Our plan is also to continue the membership virtual coffees that are held once a month, to improve our web page and to produce an updated flyer about ICDP in Finland.

Update by Petra Zilliacus